2006 The year the energy played hide and seek

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2006 The year the energy played hide and seek

Postby Trifecta » Fri Dec 30, 2005 7:13 am

<!--EZCODE QUOTE START--><blockquote><strong><em>Quote:</em></strong><hr>Final declaration<br><br>Une coalition militaire s'est lancée dans une exploitation effrénée des<br>sources d'énergie et des matières premières. Sous l'impulsion des<br>néo-conservateurs, elle a accru ses prédations et a renoué avec toutes les<br>formes d'ingérence, du changement de régime à l'expansionnisme colonial.<br>Elle bafoue en permanence les principes du droit international élaborés par<br>les conférences de La Haye et énoncés par la charte de San Francisco.<br><br>A military coalition has launches itself in an unbridled campaign to <br>exploit the world's energy sources and raw materials. Driven by the<br>neo-conservatives, the coalition is using all forms of intervention from<br>regime change to colonial expansion to achieve its predatory aims. It is in<br>permanent breach of the principles of international law drawn up at the<br>Hague Conference and set out in the San Francisco Charter.<br><hr></blockquote><!--EZCODE QUOTE END--> <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.financialoutrage.org.uk/axis_for_peace.htm">www.financialoutrage.org...._peace.htm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>Death threats cut Iraq oil flow <br> <br>The Baiji refinery produces millions of gallons a day <br>Iraq's largest oil refinery has been shut down following death threats to tanker drivers, jeopardising supplies of electricity across northern Iraq. <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/4568066.stm">news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world...568066.stm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>Russia-Ukraine gas deadline looms <br> <br>Four-fifths of Russia's gas passes through Ukraine <br>Russia and Ukraine are set to resume crisis talks on Friday in a bid to resolve a dispute over gas prices. <br>Ukraine has rejected Moscow's offer of a loan to help pay for a controversial hike in the cost of Russian gas. <br><br>Russia wants to quadruple the amount it charges Kiev for the gas in order, it says, to bring it up to global norms - but Ukraine is accusing it of spite. <br><br>Russian President Vladimir Putin says the impasse has led to a "real crisis" in relations between the two countries. <br><br>Russia says it will cut gas supplies by Sunday if Kiev does not comply. <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4568288.stm">news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4568288.stm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br> <br><br> <p></p><i></i>
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Energy consumers face bleak 2006

Postby Trifecta » Fri Dec 30, 2005 3:40 pm

Energy consumers face bleak 2006 (30 December 2005)<br><br><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.energywatch.org.uk/media/news/show_release.asp?article_id=931">www.energywatch.org.uk/me...cle_id=931</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>energywatch today warned that 2006 will be another grim year for homes, businesses and public services every time a boiler fires up or a light is switched on.<br><br>As two energy companies raise their prices on New Year’s Day and another warns that more increases are "inevitable" in 2006, the consumer watchdog fears that households already struggling with energy costs may be tempted to ‘switch off’ to save money.<br><br>On 1 January Scottish and Southern Energy customers stand to be more than £50 worse off as they face increases in gas prices of 13.6% and 12% on electricity prices.<br><br>Npower has also chosen New Year’s Day to put up its prices by 14.5% for gas and 13.6% for electricity. The average Npower customer will pay an extra £58 for gas and £38 for electricity.<br><br>The increases by the two companies will affect more than 11 million households. British Gas chiefs have already warned that price hikes from all suppliers in the coming year are "inevitable” as high wholesale gas prices continue to rise into 2006.<br><br>energywatch Chief Executive Allan Asher said: "2006 will get off to a lousy start. This is when bills are at their highest. For those who already spend a sizeable proportion of their income on heating, this news will only increase worries about whether they can afford to keep their homes warm.<br><br>"Schools, local government, hospitals and libraries are all facing spiralling bills and this means less money for frontline services. Businesses have complained that price rises affect their profitability, even their survival.”<br><br>Mr. Asher said: “No-one should be surprised that energy suppliers are passing on soaring wholesale prices to their customers, but why these wholesale prices are so high cannot be explained simply by the cold winter.<br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>He added: “These increases seem to be hard-wired into the system. There is no underlying problem with gas supply and no extraordinary increase in demand.</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br><br>“2006 must be the year for major reform of failed European gas markets and greater help for people who cannot afford to heat their homes. <br><br>“2006 should also be the year that the gas producers, who have made billions of pounds of extra profits from these prices rises, put their hands into their deep pockets and start to fund initiatives to help the most vulnerable energy consumers. <br><br>“It’s time the real winners from high energy prices did something for those who suffer the most.”<br><br> <p></p><i></i>
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Gas row sends shiver through EU

Postby Trifecta » Mon Jan 02, 2006 8:05 am

<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4574264.stm">news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world...574264.stm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>GAS CUT IMPACT <br>Ukraine - loses 100% of Russian imports but carrying EU supplies through same pipes. Firms warned cuts possible<br>Hungary - imports down 25%. Big firms told to switch to oil <br>Poland - levels down 14%. Enough reserves to cover a week of reduced supplies<br>Austria - energy company OMV says imports down 20%<br>Slovakia - SPP gas company registers drop in gas pressure but says consumers unaffected<br>Germany - no problems yet, but later cuts to big firms "not ruled out" <br>France - heavy user of Russian gas, but no problems likely, says government <p></p><i></i>
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Russia takes over the G8 don't ya know!

Postby Trifecta » Mon Jan 02, 2006 8:10 am

<!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4573388.stm">news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world...573388.stm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>"Global energy supply is set to be a big issue, with Russia seeking to show the importance of its oil and gas reserves. <br><br>Mr Putin will want to emphasise to G8 members like the US, Japan and Germany, that their economies may be far bigger than Russia's, but they need his country because it has enough oil and gas to keep them supplied for years to come."<br><br> <!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Energy and the new world power play</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--> <br><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4573944.stm">news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world...573944.stm</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--><br><br>Snip: <br>New world <br><br>Ukraine fears that it is being none too subtly punished for the Orange Revolution and for its pro-Western policies. <br><br> <br>The West is watching the Russia-Ukraine row closely <br>Whatever the cause, the case illustrates the new world we are entering, one in which new sources of energy became new sources of potential tension and conflict. <br><br>Of course, there is nothing strange about energy being at the centre of diplomacy and world policies, even war. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor had its origins, at least in part, in a decision by the United States to limit oil exports to Japan in 1941 in response to the Japanese invasion of China. <br><br>Oil played its part in a 1953 coup in Iran - organised by the US and Britain. They overthrew an elected prime minister, Mohammed Mossadegh and installed Shah Reza Pahlavi instead, a move that still reverberates in relations with Iran.<br> <p></p><i></i>
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Russia takes over the G8 don't ya know!

Postby Trifecta » Mon Jan 02, 2006 11:13 am

Overheard at the last Bilderberg, Bohemian grove bash.<br><br>Putin: So Georgy you like our katrina technology<br><br>Bush: Not bad, but did you see the wave we created last boxing day <br><br>Background: Crystal glass produces a beautiful note and old friends wink at each other.<br><br>Blair, yeah you guys have all the fancy tech, but just remember we own your arse<br><br>Background: beer drops on the floor, they all laugh.<br><br>Shapeshifter AKA a Sharon/Netanyahooo removes his teeth from a dying servants neck): So, gentlemen, our ploy to focuss hatred on the midle east will stir the Europeans when our harshest winter in history, disguised as the global warming (they all laugh) fakespiracy (the servant drops dead) and Vlad my impaler friend can step up to be the most hated man in history, with the gas hyperbole (fits of giggles all round) <br><br>Bush: he got a long way to go to beat me<br><br>Blair: we are one gentleman<br><br>Putin: to my chairmanship<br><br>Background: they all lick the rotting corpse on the floor, kiss the devils arse and plot the next stage of their vision of a fucked up world. <p></p><i></i>
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China lays down gauntlet in energy war

Postby Iroquois » Mon Jan 02, 2006 11:14 am

        <br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>China lays down gauntlet in energy war</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>By F William Engdahl<br><br>On December 15, the state-owned China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) inaugurated an oil pipeline running from Kazakhstan to northwest China. The pipeline will undercut the geopolitical significance of the Washington-backed Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC)oil pipeline which opened this past summer amid big fanfare and support from Washington.<br><br>The geopolitical chess game for the control of the energy flows of Central Asia and overall of Eurasia from the Atlantic to the China Sea is sharply evident in the latest developments.<br><br>Making the Kazakh-China oil pipeline link even more politically interesting, from the standpoint of an emerging Eurasian move towards some form of greater energy independence from Washington, is the fact that China is reportedly considering asking Russian companies to help it fill the pipeline with oil, until Kazakh supply is sufficient.<br><br>Initially, half the oil pumped through the new 200,000 barrel-a-day pipeline will come from Russia because of insufficient output from nearby Kazakh fields, Kazakhstan's Vice Energy Minister Musabek Isayev said on November 30 in Beijing. That means closer China-Kazakhstan-Russia energy cooperation - the nightmare scenario of Washington.<br><br>Simply put, the United States stands to lose major leverage over the entire strategic Eurasian region with the latest developments. The Kazakh developments also have more than a little to do with the fact that the Washington war drums are beating loudly against Iran.<br><br>The new China pipeline runs 962 kilometers (598 miles) and will take China a third of the way to Kashagan in the Caspian Sea, one of the world's largest accessible oil reserves. Kashagan is the largest new oil discovery in decades and exceeds the size of the North Sea. This is a major reason Washington has such a strong interest in supporting democratic regime change in the Central Asia region of late.<br><br>In the next 10 years, Kazakhstan plans to almost triple oil production, prompting the landlocked nation to seek new export routes because the country wants to avoid pipelines through Russia and excessive Russian dependence. China is now among Kazakhstan's major target markets.<br><br>Best public estimates are that Kazakhstan has 35 billion barrels of discovered oil reserves, twice the amount in the North Sea, and may hold about three times more, according to a Kazakh government report released on November 18 in London. German oil engineers have privately reported that recent drilling by Italy's AGIP, the current oil consortium leader for Kashagan, a huge field offshore Kazakhstan southwest of Tengiz, has confirmed enormous oil deposits there.<br><br>The government of President Nursultan Nazarbayev plans to produce 3.6 million barrels a day of oil from all fields in Kazakhstan, onshore and off, by 2015. For 2005, they expect to average about 1.3 million barrels a day, making Kazakhstan far larger than Azerbaijan, and second in oil production of the former Soviet states only to Russia.<br><br>The December 15 opening of the new Kazakh-China pipeline was a major event for Beijing. Zhang Guobao, vice chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission, China's top economic planning agency, attended the opening. CNPC has invested more than $2.6 billion in Kazakhstan since 1997.<br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong><br>Beijing takes the geopolitical prize</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>In October, Beijing scored a second major geopolitical coup when China completed a $4.18 billion takeover of PetroKazakhstan Inc. It was, in a sense, revenge on Washington for the blocking of the China acquisition of Unocal. US oil majors had made major efforts to lock up Kazakhstan oil after discovery of major oil offshore in the Kashagan field. They failed. ExxonMobil was charged with bribery of Kazakh officials to win a presence in the Kazakh oil business, and a senior Mobil executive was later jailed on US tax evasion in New York tied to the Kazakh bribery payments.<br><br>Nazarbayev enjoys good relations with Russia's President Vladimir Putin. He was general secretary of the Communist Party when Kazakhstan was part of the USSR, and is regarded as a sly fox in terms of dealing with Moscow, while also keeping a clear distance from Moscow.<br><br>In October, Russia's Lukoil failed in its bid to buy up the Kazakh state oil company, PetroKazakhstan, in a privatization. Nazarbayev indicated a major geopolitical shift in strategy, compared with a decade or more ago, when it appeared that Washington was to be the major foreign ally of Nazarbayev. At that time Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice's company, Chevron, became the lead oil contractor and operator in the Kazakh Tengiz oil field. That was just after the breakup of the Soviet Union and the US oil presence in Kazakhstan was a major US political priority supported by the Bill Clinton administration.<br><br>The Chevron Tengizchevoil consortium formed the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) in 1993 amid great fanfare. After years of haggling with the Kazakh government, Chevron finally constructed a pipeline from Tengiz on the Caspian's northeastern shore to the Russian port of Novorossiysk on the Black Sea. Following years of pressure, most members of the CPC group, including Chevron and Oman Oil Co, decided to not pursue future expansions of the CPC line.<br><br>Now, a decade later and with the scope of Kazakh oil deposits dwarfing any in the region, with its recent confirmed drillings in the Kashagan field, Nazarbayev has scored a political balance of power coup by turning to Beijing.<br><br>In October, Nazarbayev announced that CNPC had won the bid to buy PetroKazakhstan. What will be important to watch, now that Nazarbayev won re-election on December 4, further extending his 14-year reign, is to what extent Washington begins to play up "human rights abuses" by Nazarbayev.<br><br>A fledgling "Orange" revolution a la Ukraine has sprung up behind opposition candidate Zharmakhan Tuyakbai and his party, For a Just Kazakhstan. He came in second with 6.6% of the vote and cried fraud, but Washington's and the US media response were muted this time. Rice, in a major trip to shore up sagging US influence in Central Asia on October 10-13, held a private meeting with Tuyakbai. He is clearly being groomed for a possible future role, but clearly not yet.<br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong><br>Washington suffers strategic setback</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>A major setback for Washington's Eurasian encirclement strategy vis-a-vis China and Russia came several months ago when Uzbekistan's autocratic president Islam Karimov told Washington it could no longer use the Karshi-Khanabad military air base in southeast Uzbekistan, a major piece in Washington's Eurasian chess board play, put into place after September 11, 2001.<br><br>Since strong US protest over the government's bloody suppression of protests against a state trial of alleged Islamic fundamentalists in Andijan last May, Karimov's relations with Washington have deteriorated. Karimov's decision to move so aggressively was no doubt influenced by the successful March "Tulip" revolution which toppled Askar Akayev in neighboring Kyrgystan and set the stage for the July election of opposition and US-backed candidate Kurmanbek Bakiev.<br><br>On July 29, Karimov announced he was evicting the US entirely from the airbase with a January 2006 exit date. In October, the US Senate, as retaliation, voted not to pay $23 million in base user fees to Uzbekistan for past use. Moscow and Beijing have both moved into the vacuum. A look at the map will indicate why. Uzbekistan is strategic for control or to prevent control by foreign powers such as Washington, of Central Asia and pipeline routes linking Russia, China and Kazakhstan. In October 2004, Moscow secured a long-term military base agreement to station troops in Dushanbe, the capital of nearby Tajikistan, a move by Russia to limit the spread of Washington-backed "color revolutions" in the region.<br><br>That appeared to redraw the Eurasian geostrategic map in Moscow's favor, with the recent US loss of Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan is now effectively Russia's main ally in Central Asia.<br><br>Washington's position in Eurasia and its future relations with Kazakhstan suddenly assumed high priority. Clearly, the Bush administration decided the time was not ripe to try a full-blown "Orange" revolution in Kazakhstan this month, at least not until Washington's position in the region was stronger. That was a clear purpose of the October Rice visit.<br><br>But now with the strong geopolitical turn of Nazarbayev toward playing Beijing to offset potential Washington domination in the region, the situation has begun to change dramatically. A year ago, China attempted to buy out a 16% share in the Kashagan consortium from British Gas, which was willing to sell. That sale was blocked by US consortium member ExxonMobil, the company subsequently charged with bribery and convicted. Now China has opened an oil flow out of Kazakhstan to the East, not the West.<br><br>This has major strategic implications for the future of the Washington-backed BTC oil pipeline. That pipeline was built by the Caspian Oil Consortium headed by British Petroleum, and was backed by both Clinton and George W Bush, despite the fact that it was the most costly and least viable oil route out of the Caspian.<br><br>Former US national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski had been the chief Washington lobbyist advocating the BTC route to circumvent Russia. Its construction was undertaken on the assumption that it would carry not only Baku oil, but also a major share of Kazakh oil from Tengiz and offshore Kashagan oil fields. Oops!<br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>A larger China energy strategy</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>The December China-Kazakhstan pipeline opening is one part of a massive Chinese plan to secure as much Kazakh oil riches as possible.<br><br>The Chinese plan to connect several pieces of infrastructure - part Soviet-built, part Chinese-built - then reverse the flow of some of them and forge a new export corridor stretching from Kazakhstan's oil-rich Caspian basin, including Kashagan, through a series of western and central-Kazakh oil zones, and ultimately into China. With completion of this major project, China will for the first time have secured a source of imported energy not vulnerable to US aircraft carrier battle groups, as is the case with present oil deliveries from the Persian Gulf and Sudan.<br><br>Before opening the new pipeline, China imported only 25,000 bpd from Kazakhstan. Once the link between Kenkiyak and Kumkol is finished, connecting existing infrastructure near the Caspian with the portion inaugurated on December 15, the project will pump 1 million bpd. That would be about 15% of China's crude oil needs.<br><br>China then plans to tap into production from dozens of Kazakh sites it has acquired during the past several years. This is oil that currently goes west, or north through Russia.<br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong>Beijing still prefers the color 'red'</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>Beijing has also studied the Washington-backed series of regime changes across Central Asia and the "color revolutions" from Georgia to Ukraine and most recently Kyrgystan, and has evidently decided to "nip in the bud" any similar non-governmental organization efforts within China, or in areas strategic to long-term China energy security.<br><br>Kyrgystan's "Tulip" revolution last July sounded alarm bells in Beijing. Possible Chinese pipeline links to Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran and or Russia would clearly be threatened by a ring of new pro-North Atlantic Treaty Organization neighbors and states between western China and its potential oil sources. Their alarm led to warmer ties between Uzbekistan's Karimov and Beijing in recent months, as well as an invitation from Moscow-tied Belarus President Yuri Lukashenko.<br><br>The Washington journal Foreign Policy ran a short item in its October edition by an apparent Chinese dissident. The article, titled, "China's Color-Coded Crackdown", is worth quoting:<br><br> In China's halls of power, the fall of post-Soviet authoritarian regimes has raised the uncomfortable specter of a Chinese popular uprising. According to the Hong Kong-based Open magazine, a report by Chinese President Hu Jintao, titled "Fighting the People's War Without Gunsmoke", is guiding the Chinese Communist Party's "counterrevolution" offensive. The report, disseminated inside the party, outlines a series of measures aimed at nipping a potential Chinese "color revolution" in the bud. <br><br>Some Chinese apparently call it the Battle of the Two Georges - George Bush and global financier George Soros. The Foreign Policy piece continues:<br><br> Perhaps the most telling sign of China's concern has been its crackdown on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Beijing believes that international organizations, especially advocacy NGOs, have acted as Washington's "black hands" behind the recent regime changes in Central Asia. A recent issue of a biweekly journal run by the Communist Party Propaganda Department referred to Washington's "$1 billion annual budget for global democratization" and identified NGOs such as the International Republican Institute, the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), the US Institute of Peace and the Open Society Institute as organizations that "brainwash" local people and train political oppositions.<br><br> In late August, ahead of a visit by the UN high commissioner for human rights, Chinese police raided the office of the Empowerment and Rights Institute, a human rights group supported by the NED. A new regulation offering more freedom to NGOs was initially expected later this year. No longer. The Ministry of Civil Affairs has now stopped processing registration applications, effectively freezing many groups' operations. Instead, the only government offices taking an interest in NGOs are the national security agency [China's secret police] and public security forces.<br><br> Both have launched investigations into local NGOs. Some senior Chinese managers working for international NGOs have been called in for "private talks" with authorities, though no related arrests or detentions have been reported. Some NGO offices have had plainclothes security officers show up in an effort to clandestinely ferret out information on foreign staff and organizations. Environmental groups have been singled out for a massive government survey, most likely because they have angered powerful agencies by successfully initiating public debates on controversial issues, such as genetically modified foods and huge dam projects, and because only around 10% of green groups are currently registered with the state.<br><br> Meanwhile, Beijing has commissioned researchers from several provincial academies of social science to study the activities of NGOs in China. NGO publications such as directories experienced unexpectedly strong sales in recent months, as they no doubt became convenient study tools. Likewise, experts have been dispatched to Central Asia to study how those color revolutions first sprung roots. In a May 19 Politburo meeting, senior administrators from the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, where foreign research funds are usually well received, were reminded of the "acute and complicated struggle in the ideological realm in the new millennium". In other words, be careful about the political implications of your research.<br><br> According to sources in Beijing, final decisions on the government's approach to NGOs will be made in a November meeting of the State Council, China's highest executive body. As long as the clouds of color revolution are hovering over Central Asia - some, for example, expect storms in Belarus - the Chinese government will stay on high alert ... Beijing's moves against the country's NGO community remain largely unnoticed outside China. If the international community wants an open and democratic China, it should pay more attention to the survival and growth of Chinese liberal institutions. Otherwise, the country will be destined to remain the same shade of red. <br><br><!--EZCODE BOLD START--><strong><br>Beijing-Tehran-Moscow</strong><!--EZCODE BOLD END--><br>At the end of 2004, Beijing signed a $70 billion energy agreement with Tehran, China's largest Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries energy deal to date. China's state Sinopec agreed to buy 250 million tons of LNG over 30 years from Iran, as well as to develop the giant Yadavaran field. That agreement covered the comprehensive development by Sinopec of the giant Yadavaran gas field, construction of a related petrochemical and gas industry including pipelines.<br><br>As part of the huge Iran-China economic cooperation agreement, China's state-run military construction company, NORINCO, will expand the Tehran Metro underground.<br><br>A second phase in the Iran-China strategic energy cooperation will involve constructing a pipeline in Iran to take oil some 386 kilometers to the Caspian Sea, there to link up with the planned pipeline from China into Kazakhstan.<br><br>On signing the deal, Iran's Petroleum Minister announced that Tehran would like to see China replace Japan as Iran's largest oil importer. As well, Iran has what are estimated to be the world's second largest reserves of natural gas after Russia. Iran is a place of enormous strategic importance to China, to Japan, to Russia, to the European Union, and for all these reasons, to Washington as well.<br><br>Iran supplies about 14% of China's oil. Along with Russia, China has been involved since the late 1990s in supplying nuclear technology to Tehran. In 1997, Beijing, under Washington pressure, nominally agreed to stop nuclear-related shipments to Iran, but the flows are believed continuing as the Iran relation is strategic and critical to China's energy security.<br><br>China, a veto member of the UN Security Council, has repeatedly called for the issue of Iranian nuclear development to be dealt with by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The IAEA's chief, Nobel Peace Prize awardee, Mohamed ElBaradei, has earned the enmity of Washington war hawks for his open declarations of lack of evidence in both Iraq and now of Iranian atomic bomb capability.<br><br>Given the nature of the Bush administration's rush to war in Iraq in 2003, where China had a major stake in oil development, and the subsequent US blocking of other Chinese attempts at securing energy independence, including Unocal, it is not surprising that Beijing is taking extraordinary measures to secure its long-term oil and gas supply.<br><br>Energy is the Achilles' heel of China's economic growth. Beijing knows that only too well. So does Washington. A decision by Washington to take military action against Iran now would pull a far larger cast of actors into the fray than Iraq.<br><br><!--EZCODE ITALIC START--><em>F William Engdahl is author of the book, A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order from Pluto Press Ltd. He can be contacted via his website, www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net. ITALIC END-->(Copyright 2005 F William Engdahl)<br><br>From: <!--EZCODE AUTOLINK START--><a href="http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/GL21Ad01.html">www.atimes.com/atimes/Chi...1Ad01.html</a><!--EZCODE AUTOLINK END--> <p></p><i></i>
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F William Engdahl article

Postby Byrne » Wed Jan 04, 2006 11:37 am

Thanks Iroquois for the F William Engdahl article. I checked his website & there is a lot of good analysis on oil & geopolitical matters.<br><br>His article <!--EZCODE LINK START--><a href="http://www.engdahl.oilgeopolitics.net/Eurasia/eurasia.html" target="top">Color Revolutions, Geopolitics and the Baku Pipeline</a><!--EZCODE LINK END--> is an excellent in-depth study on the Washington/Moscow/Beijing struggle for the access to the resources of the Central Asian republics. The article sheds a lot of light on the recent <!--EZCODE LINK START--><a href="http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4579648.stm" target="top">spat</a><!--EZCODE LINK END--> between Russia & Ukraine over piped gas supplies to Ukraine.<br><br>To put the subject of the article in context, it is worth quoting the revealing Foreign Affairs article from <!--EZCODE LINK START--><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zbigniew_Brzezinski" target="top">Zbigniew Brzezinski/link] from September/October 1997:<!--EZCODE QUOTE START--><blockquote><strong><em>Quote:</em></strong><hr>‘Eurasia is home to most of the world's politically assertive and dynamic states. All the historical pretenders to global power originated in Eurasia. The world's most populous aspirants to regional hegemony, China and India, are in Eurasia, as are all the potential political or economic challengers to American primacy. After the United States, the next six largest economies and military spenders are there, as are all but one of the world's overt nuclear powers, and all but one of the covert ones. Eurasia accounts for 75 percent of the world's population, 60 percent of its GNP, and 75 percent of its energy resources. Collectively, Eurasia's potential power overshadows even America's.<br><br>‘Eurasia is the world's axial supercontinent. A power that dominated Eurasia would exercise decisive influence over two of the world's three most economically productive regions, Western Europe and East Asia. A glance at the map also suggests that a country dominant in Eurasia would almost automatically control the Middle East and Africa. With Eurasia now serving as the decisive geopolitical chessboard, it no longer suffices to fashion one policy for Europe and another for Asia. What happens with the distribution of power on the Eurasian landmass will be of decisive importance to America's global primacy….’<hr></blockquote><!--EZCODE QUOTE END--><br><br>[from Wikipedia] Brzezinski, known for his hardline policies on the Soviet Union, initiated a campaign supporting mujaheddin in Pakistan and Afghanistan, which were run by Pakistani security services with financial support from the CIA and Britain's MI6. This policy had the explicit aim of promoting radical Islamist and anti-Communist forces to overthrow the secular communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan government in Afghanistan, which had been destabilized by coup attempts against Hafizullah Amin, the power struggle within the Soviet-supported parcham faction of the PDPA and a subsequent Soviet military intervention.<br><br>The F William Engdahl article is an enlightening read....</a><!--EZCODE LINK END--> <p></p><i></i>
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