Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures form

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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby seemslikeadream » Tue May 15, 2018 8:38 am

Dangerous levels of sulfur dioxide prompt health warning in Hawaii

See lava spew hundreds of feet into air
(CNN)As if the catastrophic, home-devouring lava weren't bad enough, now residents have to worry about choking on sulfur dioxide.

Dangerous levels of the toxic gas are rising from some fissures, Hawaii County officials warned Monday.

"Severe conditions may exist such as choking and inability to breathe," the county's civil defense agency said. "This is a serious situation that affects the entire exposed population."
Took a real serious whiff of sulphur dioxide today near a vent and lava flow at Leilani Estates. The sensor in my hand was beeping and reached 66ppm. I couldn't breathe, and eyes and lungs burned momentarily. It may have actually been the worst 10 seconds of my life. #Kilauea pic.twitter.com/aABWHyFcTl

— Scott McLean (@scottmclean) May 15, 2018
The agency warned residents to leave the area and to get medical attention if they were severely affected by the gas.

Since the Kilauea volcano erupted May 3, it's been one nightmare after another for residents of southeast Big Island.

Fissures and threat of more eruptions


Fissure 17, which cracked open on the earth's surface Sunday morning, remained the most active, said Janet Babb, a geologist with the Hawaiian Volcano Observatoryt. It was fountaining lava and "sending spatter more than 100 feet into the air," according to the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory's Monday update.

Volcano's impact is isolated, just check the geography, Hawaiian official says
The general public is being warned to avoid the area of fissures, said Alvin C. Bronstein, Hawaii State Department of Health's EMS chief, because the gases emitted require cartridge respirators.

The volcanic vents, or fissures, have gobbled up dozens of homes and vehicles, with 37 structures so far destroyed.

In addition to the threat of gas and fissures, there are concerns about what's known as phreatic eruptions.

These are steam-driven explosions that occur when water beneath the ground or on the surface is heated by magma, lava, hot rocks, or new volcanic deposits, according to USGS. The intense heat may cause water to boil and result in eruptions.
Hawaii's tourism industry gets walloped by relentless volcano
USGS officials have been saying such an explosive eruption is possible at Halemaumau crater at the top of the Kilauea volcano. And it could generate ash plumes over an area 12 miles from the summit crater, the HVO said.

Since May 2, the lava lake in the crater began to drop, which increases the chances for a phreatic explosion.

Babb said those explosions are "notoriously hard to forecast and can occur with little or no warning."

Most of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park has remained closed since Friday due to several threats, including a possible steam explosion at Kilauea.
https://www.cnn.com/2018/05/15/us/hawai ... index.html
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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby seemslikeadream » Thu May 17, 2018 12:53 pm

NEWS
Hawaii’s Kilauea Volcano Is Now Spewing Large 'Ballistic' Rocks

George Dvorsky
Today 10:20amFiled to: KILAUEA VOLCANO
Image
Lava spattering from an area between active Fissures 16 and 20 on May 16, 2018.
Photo: USGS
As if the residents of Hawaii’s Big Island don’t have enough to worry about already, the US Geological Survey is now warning residents of yet another threat: large rocks shooting from Kilauea’s crater. Several rocks, including one measuring two feet wide, have already fallen— but the situation could get even worse.

It’s been two weeks since Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano began erupting, and there’s no apparent end in sight. At least 17 fissures have been recorded in the volcano’s East Rift Zone, and ash plumes from the crater are raising the possibility of acid rain and volcanic smog, or “vog,” packed with noxious sulfur dioxide. The US Geological Survey (USGS) is warning that the eruption is still evolving and additional outbreaks of lava are possible, along with ongoing ground deformations and earthquakes.

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Kilauea Spews Ash, Golf Continues

Kilauea has been oozing lava for weeks, but things took a turn for the worse on Tuesday when the…

Read on earther.​com
Earlier in the week, ash emissions from the Kilauea summit reached as high as 10,000 feet above sea level, causing headaches for both residential neighborhoods and airlines. The cloud drifted downwind from the volcano, dropping dust on communities from Pahala to Discovery Harbor.

On Wednesday, a 4.2-magnitude quake shook the region in the early hours—and then the sky began to fall.

“This morning dense ballistic blocks up to 60 cm (2 feet) across were found in the parking lot a few hundred yards from Halemaumau,” wrote the USGS in its advisory. “These reflect the most energetic explosions yet observed and could reflect the onset of steam-driven explosive activity.” Halemaumau is an active pit crater nestled within the larger summit caldera of Kilauea.



No damage or injuries have been reported, but the USGS is closely monitoring the projectile rock risk. Additional steam-driven explosions are expected, and it’s possible they could be even more powerful. It’s been nearly a century since KIlauea has hurled rocks like this, according to the USGS.

“During steam-driven explosions, ballistic blocks up to 2 m [6.5 feet] across could be thrown in all directions to a distance of 1 km (0.6 miles) or more. These blocks could weigh a few kilograms (pounds) to several tons,” the USGS said. “Smaller (pebble-size) rocks could be sent several kilometers (miles) from Halemaumau, mostly in a downwind direction.”


Sulfur dioxide plumes rising from fissures along the rift and accumulating in the cloud deck.
Image: USGS
Since Kilauea began erupting on May 3, dozens of homes have been destroyed, and hundreds of people have been evacuated. The lake on the summit is still in the midst of deflating, heightening the risk of violent explosions.
https://gizmodo.com/hawaii-s-kilauea-vo ... 1826102279


Hawaii volcano erupts, spews ash 6 miles into the sky
https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nat ... 619418002/
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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby seemslikeadream » Fri May 18, 2018 3:32 pm

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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby seemslikeadream » Tue May 22, 2018 11:46 am

Hawaii power plant shut down as lava nears geothermal wells

Crews cap wells at Puna Geothermal Venture plant on Big Island as lava from Kīlauea volcano flows on to site

Reuters in PahoaTue 22 May 2018 04.48 EDT
Lava from the erupting Kīlauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island has flowed on to a geothermal power plant site, forcing workers to shut down the facility to prevent the uncontrollable release of toxic gases.

Crews worked into the night to cap the 11th and final well at the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV) plant, which provides about 25% of Big Island’s power, as lava from an active fissure flowed 200 to 300 yards from the nearest well pad.

The plant’s wells run 6,000 to 8,000 feet (1,829-2,438 metres) underground to tap into extremely hot water and steam used to run turbines and produce electricity.

“County, state, and federal partners have been collaborating closely to monitor the situation and work with PGV to ensure the safety of the surrounding communities,” county officials said.

The risk to the power plant marks the latest challenge facing authorities as they cope with what geologists rank as one of the biggest upheavals in a century from one of the world’s most active volcanoes.


Toxic clouds rise up as lava from Kilauea volcano hits sea – video
The latest explosive eruption at the Kīlauea summit occurred shortly before 6pm local time on Monday, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory reported.

“The resulting ash plume may affect surrounding areas,” it said.

The plant has been closed since shortly after lava began erupting on 3 May through newly opened fissures in the ground running through neighbourhoods and roads on the far eastern flank of Kīlauea.

Within a week, some 60,000 gallons (227,124 litres) of the highly flammable chemical pentane, which was stored at the plant, were moved from harm’s way. The state said last week it was pumping cold water into the wells and would cap them with iron plugs.

About three miles (5km) to the east of the plant on the coast, noxious clouds of acid fumes, steam and fine glass-like particles billowed into the sky as lava poured into the ocean from two flows cutting across Highway 137, one of the main exit routes from the eruption zone.

Laze – a term combining the words “lava” and “haze” – is formed when erupting lava, which can reach 1,093C (2,000F) reacts with seawater. It is potentially deadly if inhaled.

Steam plumes rise as lava enters the Pacific Ocean, after flowing to the water from a Kilauea volcano fissure.
Steam plumes rise as lava enters the Pacific Ocean, after flowing to the water from a Kīlauea volcano fissure. Photograph: Mario Tama/Getty Images
“If one were to be near the laze, because of the various acids, it would be corrosive to the eyes, the nose and respiratory tract, and the skin,” Dr Alvin Bronstein, from the Hawaii state department of health, told journalists on a conference call.

Laze killed two people when a lava flow reached the coast in 2000, and authorities warned residents to stay clear of it.

Another hazard was the potential for methane gas explosions as searing lava neared pockets of rotting vegetation, igniting traces of the flammable gas given off by the decay.

“These are quite a big hazard in vegetative areas and the explosions can occur well away from the lava flow itself,” USGS geologist Janet Babb said.

Lava erupts from a fissure on Monday 21 May.
Lava erupts from a fissure on Monday 21 May. Photograph: Jae C. Hong/AP
Geologists say Kīlauea’s eruption, which has already produced around two dozen lava-spewing fissures, has now entered a more violent phase, in which larger volumes of molten rock are oozing from the ground and traveling farther than before.

At least 44 homes and other structures have been destroyed in the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens area of the Puna district, and a man was seriously injured on Saturday when a plate-sized chunk of molten rock shot out of a fissure and struck him on the leg.

Two thousand people have been ordered from their homes due to lava flows and toxic sulfur dioxide gas, levels of which have tripled in the last two days, according to civil defence officials. The Hawaii National Guard has warned of more mandatory evacuations if further highways are blocked.
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/201 ... rmal-wells
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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby seemslikeadream » Fri May 25, 2018 7:08 am

BuzzFeed Storm

Satellite imagery shows the ongoing lava eruption from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano flowing near Leilani Estates to the ocean.

Image



Hawaii helicopter evacuation readied as new lava stream hits ocean

Marco Garcia
PAHALA, Hawaii (Reuters) - A third lava flow from Hawaii’s erupting Kilauea volcano streamed into the ocean on Thursday as U.S. Marine Corps helicopters stood by to evacuate a Big Island community should molten rock or huge cracks block its final escape route.

Six huge fissures sent rivers of molten rock through a blackened, volcanic wilderness that was once jungle, farmland and rural homes.

Kilauea, one of the world’s most active volcanoes, entered the fourth week of what may be an unprecedented, simultaneous eruption at its summit crater and along a six-mile (9.7-km) string of fissures 25 miles (40 km) down its east flank.

At about 6 p.m. local time on Thursday, the volcano erupted at its summit, sending ash 10,000 feet (3000 m) into the air. The wind may carry ash to the southwest toward the Pahala area, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory said.

At least 50 rural homes and other structures have been destroyed by lava from fissures in a small area of the Big Island. Some 2,000 people have faced mandatory evacuations and another 2,000 in coastal communities may be forced to leave their homes if State Highway 130, their last exit, becomes blocked.

The U.S. Marine Corps deployed two CH-53E Super Stallion helicopters to Hilo, about 24 miles north (39 miles), in support of a task force standing by in case an air evacuation is needed. Each helicopter can carry up to 50 people at a time.

“We now have the capacity to evacuate all of the estimated population of lower Puna south of the lava flow within a few hours,” Brigadier General Kenneth Hara of the Hawaii National Guard said in a statement.

Road crews dumped material into cracks on the road and covered them with steel plates in an effort to keep the highway open.

“Talks and discussions have been underway for possible air evacuations if it did come to that,” Tim Sakahara, Hawaii Department of Transportation, told reporters in a conference call.

Up at Kilauea’s 4,091-foot (1,246-meter) summit, at least 12 explosions a day on average are pumping ash plumes thousands of feet (meters) into the sky. Ash drifted up to 26 miles (42 km)southwest to dust the black sands of Punaluu beach with gray powder before blowing out to sea.

Lava glows through the laze as it pours into the ocean during the eruption of the Kilauea Volcano near Pahoa, Hawaii, U.S., May 24, 2018. REUTERS/Marco Garcia
Down on the east flank of the volcano, six fissures re-erupted in lava fountains, as volcanic activity moved west towards Highway 130.

Geologists said that after three weeks of escalating activity, Kilauea volcano has entered a “steady state” of eruption.

“It’s probably going to do this for a little while longer,” said U.S. Geological Survey scientist Wendy Stovall on the conference call, describing the stage of the eruption as the “middle” or “kind of the steady state.”

While a roughly 10-square-mile (26-sq-km) area of the Puna district has been ravaged, authorities stressed the eruption was having limited effects on the Connecticut-sized island that is a major tourist destination.

Norwegian Cruise Line said it would reinstate port calls to the island’s two largest cities, Kona and Hilo, after cancelling them in recent weeks. Crystal Symphony cruises also said it planned to return to the two ports after cancelling a Wednesday Hilo stop due to “an abundance of caution.”

Additional reporting by Jolyn Rosa in Honolulu and Marco Garcia in Pahala, Hawaii; Writing and additional reporting by Andrew Hay; Editing by Bill Tarrant and Sandra Maler
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-hawa ... SKCN1IQ07Q
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Re: Lava shoots through Hawaii neighborhood as new fissures

Postby chump » Sun May 27, 2018 11:37 am

I recently learned, and was wondering why, Kilauea lava was actually flowing on a geo-thermal power plant property at Puna, Hawaii, because I was immediately reminded of the Denver earthquakes rockin’ the 60’s that were caused by the Army, “dumping dangerous chemicals into a deep injection well out at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal.”, and the more recent tremors caused by the fracking of oil wells..




https://jonrappoport.wordpress.com/2018 ... -eruption/

Did fracking cause the Hawaii volcano eruption?
by Jon Rappoport
May 22, 2018

On the Big Island of Hawaii, where the Kilauea volcano has explosively erupted, there is a geothermal energy plant. It is the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV) Plant, in Puna.

There is a long-running debate about whether PGV is fracking. The debate may be a matter of terminology, because in the geothermal process, as hawaiifracking.com reports, “…the drilling and the injection of cold water into hot rocks used in geothermal energy plants does fracture the rocks, which can induce earthquakes and through contamination of the atmosphere and water tables can affect our health and safety.”

Whether deep injection of fluid aims to capture oil, gas, or heat (geothermal), the beginning stage of the process is the same.

Earthquakes induced by this water-injection could obviously trigger a volcano.

For example, here is an alarming article about a geothermal project in Switzerland. Swissinfo.ch, December 10, 2009: “The authorities in canton Basel City say they will cancel a geothermal energy project, which three years ago caused minor tremors that damaged many buildings.”

“A risk analysis study published on Thursday found that the danger of setting off more earthquakes was too great if drilling at the site resumed.”

“The project was put on hold three years ago after thousands of claims for damage were filed with insurers. Total costs for the damage were around SFr9 million ($8.78 million).”

“The study, commissioned by the canton, concluded that Basel was ‘unfavourable’ for geothermal power generation.”

“It said the resumption of Deep Heat Mining project and its operation over a 30-year period could set off around 200 tremors with a strength of up to 4.5 on the Richter Scale – in 2006, the quakes were about 3.4.”

“This would result in damages up to SFr40 million.”

“The Basel facility drilled five kilometres into the earth. The borehole was designed to be injected with water to capture the extreme heat. Back at the surface, the hot water – at a temperature of around 160° Celsius – would run a steam turbine coupled with a generator.”

This Swiss article outlines the risks, and also confirms that deep water-injection is used in the geothermal process—which can and does trigger earthquakes.

Here is another reference—The Guardian, July 11, 2013: “Pumping water underground at geothermal power plants can lead to dangerous earthquakes even in regions not prone to tremors, according to scientists.”

“Prof Emily Brodsky, who led a study of earthquakes at a geothermal power plant in California, said: ‘For scientists to make themselves useful in this field we need to be able to tell operators how many gallons of water they can pump into the ground in a particular location and how many earthquakes that will produce’.”

“It is already known that pumping large quantities of water underground can induce minor earthquakes near to geothermal power generation and fracking sites. However, the new evidence reveals the potential for much larger earthquakes, of magnitude 4 or 5, related to the weakening of pre-existing underground faults through increased fluid pressure.”

“The water injection appears to prime cracks in the rock, making them vulnerable to triggering by tremors from earthquakes thousands of miles away. Nicholas van der Elst, the lead author on one of three studies published on Thursday in the journal Science, said: ‘These [injected] fluids are driving [earthquake] faults to their tipping point’.”

“The analysis of the Californian site showed that for a net injection of 500m gallons of water into the ground per month, there is an earthquake on average every 11 days.”

“Heather Savage, a co-author on the same study said: ‘It is already accepted that when we have very large earthquakes seismic waves travel all over the globe, but even though the waves are small when they reach the other side of the world, they still shake faults [such as the faults induced by geothermal water-injection]. This can trigger seismicity in seismically active areas SUCH AS VOLCANOES where there is already a high fluid pressure.” (emphasis added)

So, on the Big Island of Hawaii, where there is a massive volcanic eruption underway, there is a geothermal plant, PGV. How close to the volcano is PGV?

The Washington Post, May 12: “Long a concern for residents and the target of lawsuits challenging its placement ON AN ACTIVE VOLCANO, the Puna Geothermal Venture (PGV) is a major safety issue [i.e., chemicals stored at PGV] in the wake of the eruptions and earthquakes that have shaken the Big Island for days, government officials say.” (emphasis added)

I see. PGV is ON the volcano. Other reports claim PGV is 15 miles from the volcano. In either case, PGV is close, very close.

Who owns PGV? Ormat Technologies. Through internal merger and stock swapping, Ormat appears to be a jointly owned Israeli and US company now.

Ormat is no stranger to scandals. At blog.heartland.org, H Sterling Burnett writes (4/1/15): One scandal that could haunt [Harry] Reid for his remaining time in the Senate (and possibly beyond) was reported on recently in the Washington Free Beacon and Courthouse News. It seems the Reid helped the green energy company, Ormat Technologies, a firm that owns and manages geothermal plants in California and Hawaii, secure nearly $136 million in economic stimulus funding from the 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.”

“Two former employees are suing the firm, claiming Ormat executives defrauded the United States of more than $130 million by reporting false information about two projects to get government grants, a federal judge ruled Tuesday.”

“Reid’s ties to Ormat are deep. The company runs geothermal plants in Nevada and Reid has been a big booster of the company in D.C. As reported in the Free Beacon, ‘Reid bragged about securing Ormat a $350 million loan guarantee from the Department of Energy (DOE) and took credit for expanding the Treasury program that the former employees say illicitly provided Ormat with millions more in taxpayer funds’.”

“It is also worth noting that Ormat’s DOE award came a year after investors sued the company for allegedly inflating its stock price through ‘fraudulent accounting and overstated financial results.’ Ormat settled the allegations in 2012 for $3.1 million.”

Ormat potentially faces a much larger scandal now.
A massive volcanic eruption on the Island of Hawaii.
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